Overhead view of a bowl of kale against a gray cement counter.

Top 5 health benefits of kale

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Registered nutritionist Nicola Shubrook reveals the facts behind this popular leafy green, often touted as a ‘superfood’.

What is kale?

Kaleis a cruciferous vegetable, like cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower, and has large, edible leaves with a tough central stem. Typically dark green in colour, kale is available in a variety of colours, including purple. The edges of the leaves are either flat or curly. When you buy kale, you’ll normally find it sold whole or pre-chopped, and it can be eatenrawor lightly cooked.

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Discover our full range ofhealth benefit guidesand check out some of our favouritehealthy kale recipes,includingkale and quinoa pattiesandspiced kale crisps.

Nutritional benefits of kale

An 80g serving (raw) contains:

  • 26 kcals / 112 kJ
  • 2.7g protein
  • 1.3g fat
  • 1.1g carbohydrate
  • 3.3g fibre
  • 360毫克钾
  • 104mg calcium
  • 1.36mg iron
  • 96mcg folate
  • 88mg vitamin C

What are the 5 top health benefits of kale?

1. May support immunity

Kale contains four times thevitamin Ccontent and twice the selenium content of spinach, as well as nutrients likevitamin Eand beta-carotene. These are all important for supporting a healthy immune system.

2. May support bone health

Kale contains many of the minerals our modern diets lack. It’s a good source of plant-basedcalcium, needed for strong bones and teeth, and has low levels of a natural compound calledoxalate, which makes the calcium more available for absorption. Kale is also a good source ofvitamin K, which studies suggest works with vitamin D to support healthy bone metabolism.

3. May protect against heart disease

Kale contains a number of nutrients that support heart health, including potassium, which maintains a healthy blood pressure. Another benefit ofkale is that it contains substancesthat bind to cholesterol to help manage levels. Studies suggest that even if youjuiceorsteamkale, you will still benefit from these advantages.

4. May protect against cancer

As well as being nutrient-dense, kale is rich in cancer-protective substances such assulforaphaneandindol-3-carbonol.Studiesare promising, but there is still more for us to learn.

5. May support eye health

Kale is rich in two phytonutrients,lutein and zeaxanthin,that support the health of our eyes and vision. Consuming sufficient quantities of these nutrients lowers the risk of age-related macular degeneration and cataracts.

Is kale safe for everyone to eat?

As kale is a rich source of vitamin K, those on anti-coagulant medication (commonly referred to as blood thinners) need to consider the amount they eat. Typically the advice while on this medication is that you should aim to keep your dietary intake approximately the same. Check with your GP before making any significant dietary changes.

Some people with thyroid issues or those on thyroid medication should be mindful about consuming cruciferous vegetables like kale. This is because they may affect the thyroid’s ability to absorb iodine. That said,kaleis of lower risk because of its low levels of these goitrogenic compounds.

If you are concerned or have queries, pleaseconsult your GP or registered dietician for guidance.

Kale recipes

Sausage, kale & gnocchi one-pot
Coconut & kale fish curry
Creamy pesto & kale pasta
Curried kale & chickpea soup
Vegan kale pesto pasta


This article was reviewed on 22 February 2021 by Kerry Torrens.

尼古拉Shubrook nutritional therapist and works with both private clients and the corporate sector. She is an accredited member of theBritish Association for Nutrition and Lifestyle Medicine(节食减肥法)和theComplementary & Natural Healthcare Council(CNHC). Find out more aturbanwellness.co.uk.

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All health content onbbcgoodfood.comis provided for general information only, and should not be treated as a substitute for the medical advice of your own doctor or any other healthcare professional. If you have any concerns about your general health, you should contact your local healthcare provider. See our websiteterms and conditionsfor more information.

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